It is no secret that the United States wastes ton of food, 60 million of them every year to be exact. With the massive amounts of food being put into landfills every year, we are losing billions of dollars, wasting valuable natural resources and land, and generating substantial amounts of methane gas from landfill digestion. At the same time, there are millions of americans who are food insecure or do not have access to the nutritious food they need to live healthy lives. This discrepancy between food waste and hunger leads us to questions why are we wasting so much food? And what can we do to stop it?
A huge contributing factor to the volume of food waste in the United States is that in general food is cheaper in the US than in any other country in the world. This provides many benefits to the country as a whole, aiding farmers and helping all people to have access to affordable food. However, this has also allowed a standard of perfectionism and obsession with the aesthetic quality of food to develop among restaurants, grocery stores and consumers as a whole.
With the low cost of food production, Americans have the luxury to choose only the perfect produce. Any fruits or vegetables that are bruised, wilted, discolored or misshaped are considered unacceptable by American shoppers and ultimately will be discarded by farmers and grocery stores. Estimates project that upwards of 25% of produce grown will never leave the farm. Much of this produce is left to rot because of small blemishes that would likely not affect the quality of the food, but would cause the produce to be rejected because of aesthetics. Over the past few years, there has been a substantial increase in our obsession with beautiful food. With an explosion in the promotion of food on social media, we are “eating with our eyes” more than ever.
In 2015 the EPA decided to attack the issue of food waste head on. In alignment with the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the US EPA and USDA announced its goal to reduce food waste in America by 50% by 2030. The EPA plans to work with leaders in the food system to to promote the sustainable management of food. However, it will not be without a fundamental shift in public perception of food waste and habits that the US will be able to reach its goal.
The EPA is not the only ones working towards less wasted food in the US. Companies like Imperfect Produce are embracing the funky fruits and veggies. Their subscription service delivers only the “ugly” produce in efforts to reduce the amount of produce that is wasted only because of how it physically looks. At UGA and other universities across the country the Campus Kitchens organization is recovering food from cafeterias, grocery stores and local farms that would otherwise be thrown away to cook and deliver meals to members of the community.
General awareness of the issue of food waste and each person’s individual contribution is an important step in working to solve this issue. What are some ways that we can all work to reduce our personal food waste? What are ways the federal, state and local governments can help to address this issue?